Looking to File Chapter 7 or 13?
Loans after bankruptcy are not as easy to obtain as before the case was filed, and it depends on what kind of loan a person is seeking just how difficult the process will be. Once a discharge of the Chapter 7 or 13 has been granted, the debitor must reestablish credit, and the first step will probably be a secured credit card. A secured card is given by the bank, and is secured by whatever amount of money the cardholder deposits in an account for that purpose. Charges are then limited to the amount deposited, which helps avoid running up too much debt again, but allows the positive credit experience to be reflected in one’s credit report. This step helps make the debtor eligible for a loan.
One of the consequences of bankruptcy is that if the bankrupt person wishes to buy a house in the future, there will be a two to four year wait after the Chapter 7 case is discharged before he will be deemed eligible for a home loan. When a Chapter 13 bankruptcy case is involved, the wait is twenty-four months after the debts are paid off in full. During that two-year period, the loan applicant will need to have been employed steadily, have no negative entries in his credit file, and kept debt under control. If a person is able to make a large down payment of 15% to 20%, there will be no problem getting a home loan. For less than that, the interest rate will probably be high. If a borrower has to get a loan at a higher rate, two or three years of a perfect payment record may make a lower interest rate possible through refinancing.
The recommendation for reestablishing credit is to establish credit with four creditors, including one or more secured credit cards. Stores and credit card companies will often allow people with bad credit histories to obtain credit from them, but the charge limits will be low, and the interest high. Another tip to improve the chances of loans after bankruptcy is to ask providers of gas heating, auto insurance, water, and phone service if they will give a clean credit reference letter to a post-bankruptcy customer after twelve months of on-time payments. Even though one of the consequences of bankruptcy is that the bankruptcy stays on one’s credit record for ten years, these other positive events are certainly going to be helpful to a person’s overall credit rating.
If all of this seems tedious and time-consuming, it is. People should know ahead of time that these difficulties are the consequences of bankruptcy. Another of the loans after bankruptcy that many people are looking for is a car loan. These are not so difficult to obtain. Again, high interest will be part of the deal. However, from a credit history standpoint, higher interest is much better than “high risk.”
Consistent payment on a personal loan will be helpful in reestablishing credit. Once the bankruptcy case is discharged, personal loan options may include secured personal loans, unsecured personal loans, or lines of credit. The chances for approval will be greater if there has already been a move to boost the credit record with an excellent payback history on a credit card or auto loan. All of these things work together to prove to the lending institutions that although this person filed for bankruptcy, he can now be trusted to be on time with payments. Time and patience are absolutely necessary virtues in obtaining loans after bankruptcy.
While all of the creditors who are willing to issue credit cards or charge accounts will most certainly are charging a higher interest rate to begin with, the customer who proves to be reliable over time may ask for a lower rate. Asking certainly can’t hurt, and may be a great help to one’s future buying power. These consequences after bankruptcy are annoying. Everything is predicated upon the rock-solid commitment on the part of the person with bad credit to do everything in his power to make everything right again.
Quite often the reasons for a person filing a Chapter 7 or 13 in the first place had nothing to do with irresponsibility, so the consequences of bankruptcy seem harsh. A serious illness or accident, or loss of employment, can wreak havoc in a family’s budget. Keeping up with bills when income has ceased can be next to impossible, so the courts provide the only answer. In this kind of case, the individual responsible is not careless about his credit, so getting his reputation back and loans after bankruptcy will be easier than it will be for the person who just got too hooked on having more things until there was just too much to pay back. Get Credit Healthy helps you re-establish your credit with our affiliate partners and gives you the credit education to avoid this situation in the future and how to meet your new credit goals.